Green hydrogen: how to reconcile policy and physics

Published on May 27, 2020 The draft “EU green recovery plan” proposes an audacious development of clean hydrogen as a mean of storage and transmission of energy. But what will be the CO2 impact, and what are the alternatives? Simplistically put, the European electrical system is characterised by 2 modes: –       “Fossil mode” : renewables do…

Trilateral agreement on Russian gas transit through Ukraine for 2020 and beyond

Protocol of the meetings of representatives of the European Union, Ukraine and the Russian Federation, as well as companies from these countries (LLC Gas Transportation Operator Systems of Ukraine, NAK Naftogaz of Ukraine, PJSC Gazprom) (December 19-20th, 2019, Berlin and Minsk) Representatives of the European Union, Ukraine and the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as…

The Naftogaz vs. Gazprom arbitration: one multibillion dollar plot, two perspectives

Initially published in Global Gas Perspectives on 1 February 2018 The Naftogaz vs. Gazprom arbitration processes are a high-stakes game by any standard, and particularly so for Ukraine. Michael Grossmann Overview of Stockholm arbitration process Traditionally, the price of Gazprom gas to Ukraine, and the tariff Ukraine charged for transit were linked de facto, so…